Transcranial photobiomodulation (tPBM) is a noninvasive therapeutic modality for neuroenhancement. Research data shows that tPBM has a potential to improve brain function. It can be useful in a wide range of neurological and psychiatric disorders. Near infrared light (NIR) therapy is the most common form of tPBM.
Brain photobiomodulation (PBM) is the use of near-infrared (NIR) energy to improve cognitive functions and mental acuity. This bioenergetics process stimulates the photosensitive cytochrome c oxidase enzyme within mitochondria to produce more ATP (adenosine triphosphate). For example, this is similar to the conversion of nutrients from food into metabolic energy but with photons as the [...]